## Wednesday, December 16, 2009

### Even the Odds

Tim and Al are playing a game with two dice. They are not using numbers, but instead the die faces are colored. Some of the faces are colored blue and others are red.

Each player throws the dice in turn. Tim wins when the two top faces are the same color. Al wins when the colors are different. Their chances at winning are even.

The first die has 5 red faces and 1 blue face. How many red and how many blue are there on the second die?

1. The second die has 3 read and 3 blue faces.

2. I agree with Heather.

3. Yes Heather is right.

Tim wins when top two faces are of same colour.

Probablity of both the dice to be Red is
5/6 *3/6 = 5/6*1/2= 5/12

Probablity of both the dice to be Blue is
1/6*3/6=1/6*1/2 = 1/12
Total probablity is 5/12 + 1/12 = 6/12 = 1/2
www.guessthelogo.net

4. Great Question,

As long as one Die is always 3 red and 3 blue, you will always have a 50-50 chance.

You can change the colors on the first die as much as you want, but it will only change the color pairs and differences.

5. And, going the other way around, it's impossible to get a fair game unless at least one of the dice is equally split between red and blue.

This also works for dice with more (or less) than six sides.

6. Looks like you have it all figured out, so rather than write out the explanation again, I think I'll leave it as is.

Sorry I've been posting the questions so late, lately. It seems like life has been busy for me in the mornings. I need to get in the habit of scheduling the posts...

Leave your answer or, if you want to post a question of your own, send me an e-mail. Look in the about section to find my e-mail address. If it's new, I'll post it soon.

Please don't leave spam or 'Awesome blog, come visit mine' messages. I'll delete them soon after.

Enter your Email and join hundreds of others who get their Question of the Day sent right to their mailbox